Healthcare professionals having expertise in breast surgery

There are leadership organizations for the surgeons to form an association with the other breast cancer treating professionals. The organizations are meant to provide a platform for the breast cancer specialists to improve their services to the breast cancer patients. Forums exist for exchanging ideas and in encouraging the research and development of advanced surgical procedures. Check out to find out more.

Surgical procedures for breast cancer

Surgery is recommended as the first treatment method for the breast cancer. There are various types of breast surgeries. Taking the decision on breast cancer surgery involves many factors including cancer stages, cancer size, and the lifestyle preferred by the patient for a long term. It is essential to choose between lumpectomy and mastectomy that explains the advantages and disadvantages of each of them. 

Lumpectomy is the breast-conserving surgery performed by the breast surgeon. It involves removal of the tumor along with the tissue around the tumor. 

The mastectomy involves eliminating the total breast tissue. Recently, mastectomy is observed as a refined procedure that has become mostly non-invasive. The muscles present in the breast are not removed anymore.

Dissecting the lymph node is the procedure done at the time of lumpectomy and mastectomy if the biopsy indicates the spread of the cancer out of the milk duct. Sentinel lymph node removal is suggested for some patients who qualify for that.

The breast can be reconstructed after lumpectomy or mastectomy. Rebuilding of the breast can be done at the time of the cancer tissue removal or a few months after the surgery. Some patients do not opt for reconstruction and instead opt for a prosthesis.

Removal of the breast to reduce the risk of breast cancer in people who are at higher risk is termed as prophylactic mastectomy.

The procedure that reduces the estrogen levels in the body and in turn not allowing the estrogen to trigger the development of breast cancer is called as prophylactic ovary removal.

Cryosurgery is a method that makes use of ice to destroy the cancer cells. This method is called as cryotherapy. Recently, this treatment is done to experiment the results.

Lumpectomy versus mastectomy

The breast surgeon has to discuss certain issues with the patient before choosing any one of the two surgeries for the patient. Certain features show an impact on your decision to choose between lumpectomy and mastectomy. They are

If you want to retain your breast after surgery 

If you want to match the sizes of the two breasts

If you are anxious about cancer recurrence, it is better to opt for mastectomy

Lumpectomy will be followed by five to seven weeks of radiation therapy. Radiation therapy can influence the reconstruction timing and your choice of reconstruction. There is a higher risk of cancer recurrence after lumpectomy than after mastectomy. Additional radiation would be problematic for the breast after lumpectomy.